I wanted to open up the discussion regarding dyslexia on my website because it is a common language based learning disability that impacts many children and adults (as many as 15–20% of the population as a whole—have some of the symptoms of dyslexia, including slow or inaccurate reading, poor spelling, poor writing, or mixing up similar words according to the International Dyslexia Association). Many times, the symptoms are subtle and are hard to recognize in both young and older children. It can also be difficult for schools to recognize as well, which is why it is so important as parents, that we understand and are aware of specific disabilities, so we can help our children. It should also be noted that just because these symptoms can be subtle, doesn’t mean that the disability is not present.
What is dyslexia? According to the International Dyslexia Association, “Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability. Dyslexia refers to a cluster of symptoms, which result in people having difficulties with specific language skills, particularly reading. Students with dyslexia usually experience difficulties with other language skills such as spelling, writing, and pronouncing words. The problems displayed by individuals with dyslexia involve difficulties in acquiring and using written language. It is a myth that individuals with dyslexia “read backwards,” although spelling can look quite jumbled at times because students have trouble remembering letter symbols for sounds and forming memories for words. Other problems experienced by people with dyslexia include the following”. The International Dyslexia Association states that dyslexia also may include some of the following:
Learning to speak
Learning letters and their sounds
Organizing written and spoken language
Memorizing number facts
Reading quickly enough to comprehend
Persisting with and comprehending longer reading assignments
Learning a foreign language
Correctly doing math operations
To learn more about the warning signs and clues to dyslexia, check out this excellent resource here.
The only way to really diagnose dyslexia is to have a formal reading, writing and language assessment.
Dylexia and IQ…Is there a relationship? One of the misconceptions about dyslexia is that a person with dyslexia is not intelligent and presents with lower IQ scores. This cannot be further from the truth! Many people with dyslexia are exceptionally smart, creative and extremely intelligent. I want to share an interesting research article reviewed by the Yale Center for Dyslexia and Creativity. The data from the study, Uncoupling of Reading and IQ Over Time: Empirical Evidence for a Definition of Dyslexia by Emilio Ferrer, Bennett A. Shaywitz, John M. Holahan, Karen Marchione, and Sally E. Shaywitz (2010) “provide strong evidence that in dyslexia, a person can have a very high IQ and yet read at a much lower level”. In this study they determined that typical readers’ cognition and reading grow together in a fluent manner. For students with dyslexia, although the IQ remained high, their reading and cognition developed more independently, not together. To learn more about this research study, click here.
I also wanted to share a helpful article regarding myths of dyslexia here. This post can be extremely helpful in understanding this disability.
I hope you find this article helpful. Please add any comments of your own.